Global Health Action

GHA_speciall issue_who_equity2


In light of the proposed integrated nature of the post-2015 sustainable development agenda, including its goal 10, covering the reduction of inequalities within countries, the World Health Organization is promoting this Special Issue to look at monitoring health determinants with an equity focus. The Special Issue examines the importance of reducing social inequalities for advancing the health goal of attaining healthy life for all at all ages. It also outlines the implications of this for intersectoral governance for health. This work was supported in part by a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation.


Special Issue Scope

Papers in the Special Issue describe country analyses, measurement and monitoring of the determinants of health, health equity and service coverage, using social determinants, gender equality and human rights lenses.

They collectively demonstrate a range of useful analytical approaches and presentations, and discuss implications of these for national monitoring. Preliminary parameters for harmonized monitoring are explored and summarized as the ‘Equity-oriented Analysis of Linkages between health and other sectors (EQuAL) Framework.

The Health Gradient



Table of Contents


Nicole Britt Valentine, Gouke J. Bonsel


Katri Kilpeläinen, Suvi Parikka, Päivikki Koponen, Tuulia Rotko, Timo Koskela, Mika Gissler


Moving forward monitoring of the social determinants of health in a country: lessons from England 5 years after the Marmot Review
Peter O. Goldblatt


The Mexican experience in monitoring and evaluation of public policies addressing social determinants of health
Adolfo Martinez Valle


The importance of intersectoral factors in promoting equity-oriented universal health coverage: a multilevel analysis of social determinants affecting neonatal infant and under-five mortality in Bangladesh
Tanvir M. Huda, Tazeen Tahsina, Shams El Arifeen, Michael J. Dibley


Scoping review: national monitoring frameworks for social determinants of health and health equity
Leo Pedrana, Marina Pamponet, Federico Costa, Davide Rasella


Assessing the relevance of indicators in tracking social determinants and progress toward equitable population health in Brazil
Davide Rasella, Daiane Machado, Marcelo Eduardo Pfeirrer Castellanos, Jairnilson Paim, Celia Landmann Szwarcwald, Diana Lima, Laio Magno, Leo Pedrana,Maria Guadalupe Medina, Gerson Penna, Mauricio Lima Barreto


Analysis of selected social determinants of health and their relationships with maternal health service coverage and child mortality in Vietnam
Hoang Van Minh, Kim Bao Giang, Luu Ngoc Hoat,Tran Thi Giang Huong, Nguyen Thi Kim Phuong, Nicole B. Valentine, Lee Hong Chung, Lee Hong Chung


The feasibility of measuring and monitoring social determinants of health and the relevance for policy and programme – a qualitative assessment of four countries
Erik Blas, John E. Ataguba,Tanvir M. Huda, Giang Kim Bao, Davide Rasella, Megan R. Gerecke


Explaining the role of the social determinants of health on health inequality in South Africa
John Ele-Ojo Ataguba, Candy Day, Di McIntyre


Promoting health equity: WHO health inequality monitoring at global and national levels
Ahmad Reza Hosseinpoor Nicole Bergen and Anne Schlotheuber

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