Norwegian research in the EU context
While Norway is not a member of the European Union, the EES agreement extends both privileges and obligations to Norway with respect to participating in European social and economic policy. The area of research and development is no exception.
Norway is now poised to participate fully in European research efforts through the EU’s 7th framework program (FP7), which began this year and will continue until 2013. This month the Norwegian government officially submitted its proposal to the parliament to mandate participation in FP7. The Norwegian obligatory contribution of approximately 8.9 billion NOK, allows researchers and companies to apply and take part in projects amounting to 400 billion EUR under FP7 over the next five years.
In addition to the initial price tag, other obligations may accompany Norwegian participation in FP7. The European Research Advisory Board, EURAB, presented its recommendations for an Open Access Policy in December 2006, stating that the Commission should mandate all researchers funded under FP7 “to lodge their publications resulting from EC-funded research in an open access repository as soon as possible after publication, to be made openly accessible within 6 months at the latest.” In response the Commission has presented a Communication to the European Parliament (14 Feb 2007) in order to “signal the importance of and launch a policy process on (a) access to and dissemination of scientific information, and (b) strategies for the preservation of scientific information across the Union.” The Communication further states that a number of actions have already been taken, including making project costs related to publishing eligible for Community financial contribution (including Open Access publishing); and issuing guidelines on the publication of articles in open repositories within specific programs.
More information on Norway’s participation in FP7, can be found here (in Norwegian).
More information on EU-supported research in Norway can be accessed here.
The full text of the EURAB recommendation can be accessed here.